Driving is a privilege, but it is also an important means to independence for many adults.

It has been noted that older drivers will, on average. have more accidents for mile driven compared to other groups of adults.

The Law Commission of Ontario notes that there has been recurrent debate as to whether age should be a trigger for additional driver’s license requirements.

For example, "Ontario’s Senior Driver Renewal Program requires drivers aged 80 years and over to take part every two years in a group education session and to complete vision and knowledge tests. Based on individual assessment, some drivers may also be asked to take a road test to have their in-car skills assessed. Some have suggested that older drivers should be required to take a regular road test, while others have argued that age by itself is not an appropriate indicator or driving skills, and that either all drivers should be regularly re-tested, or that re-testing should be based on specific functional indicators." (1) Is this fair?

Driving in the context of aging raises many legal, social, ethical and policy issues, including for example:

Research and Policy

Law and Ethics



Senior Citizen Driving: Warning Signs and Helping an Unsafe Driver to Stop Driving. T. Benedictis, G. Kemp,  D. Russell  & M, White.

Senior Driver Renewal Program, Ontario Ministry of Transportation

Senior Drivers in Ontario  http://www.mto.gov.on.ca/english/dandv/driver/senior/

Senior Driver: Driving Safety Cycle http://www.mto.gov.on.ca/english/pubs/cycle.htm

SafeNY.com     Senior Drivers and Aging



Research and Academic Articles & Reports

CANDRIVE: Canadian older drivers research www.candrive.ca/en/about/what_candrive.asp

Laliberte Rudman, D.  Friedland, J., Chipman, M., & Sciortino, P. (2006) "Holding On and Letting Go: The Perspective of Pre-Seniors and Seniors on Driving Self-Regulation in Later Life" Canadian Journal on Aging 25(1), 65-76.

Marshall, S.  Assessing fitness to drive in older driver. Canadian Medical Association. Online: www.cma.ca/multimedia/CMA/Content_Images/Inside_cma/WhatWePublish/LeadershipSeries/English/pg33EC.pdf

Millar, W. J. (Autumn, 1999) "Older Drivers – A Complex Public Health Issue" Health Reports, Vol. 11  No. 2, (Ottawa: Statistics Canada, Cat 82-003)

Online : www.statcan.ca/english/studies/82-003/archive/1999/hrar1999011002s0a05.pdf

Tuokko, H.  &  Hunter, F. (2002) Using "Age" as a Fitness to Drive Criterion for Older Adults (Ottawa: Law Commission of Canada).

Tuokko, H.  & McGee, P.  (Nov. 2002) Improving Driving Conditions for Older Adults. Prepared for the Capital Regional District Traffic Safety Commission.  Online: ww.coag.uvic.ca/documents/research_reports/ImprovingDrivingConditions.pdf


Footnote: (1) Law Commission of Ontario. The Law as it Affects Older Adults - Backgrounder. Online: http://www.lco-cdo.org/en/documents/OlderAdultsMay08/oabackgrounder.html